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What is HTML??

HTML – it stands for the Hypertext Markup Language. It was originally derived from Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), SGML was a much larger and more complicated document-processing system as compared to HTML. But to write code of Hypertext Markup Language or create a web page through it you don’t need to have much knowledge about SGML. However, if you know that one of the main features of SGML is that it describes the general structure of the content inside the document but not its actual appearance on the page or onscreen can help. HTML, by virtue of its SGML heritage, is a language that is used for describing the structure of the documents, but not the actual presentation of the documents.


Hypertext Markup Language was firstly introduced in the year 1990

HTML 2.0 was the original standard for Hypertext Markup Language that we use today and the set of tags that all browsers should support. Most of the tags that were in the original HTML 2.0 are still supported in the updated version of the Hypertext Markup Language and still make up the core of the Hypertext Markup Language. Anyone can create a perfectly good web page by just using only tags that were included in the 2.0 version.

The HTML 3.2 specifications were developed in early 1996. Several software vendors, including IBM, Netscape Communications Corporation, Microsoft, Novell, SoftQuad, Sun Microsystem, and Spyglass, joined with the W3C to develop this specification. Some of the new features that were added to this version of Hypertext Markup Language were tables, applets, and text flow around images.

Then comes HTML 4.0 which was first introduced in 1997, it again came with many new features that gave designers greater control over page layout than HTML 2.0 and 3.2. The HTML 4.0 standard was also created by W3C same as HTML 2.0 and 3.2.

The current version that Hypertext Markup Language has today is HTML5. This is the most updated version right now that is in existence.


Tags are the most important part of the code and there are many and a lot of tags that are used to design the web page using Hypertext Markup Language. But basically, the overall structure of the web page can be defined with the help of three tags that are <html>, <head>, and <body>, these are the tags that are used to make the basic skeleton of every web page.

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